DAISY—Structure Guidelines: Elements, Block Elements, Information Object Note
Note (Footnote, Endnote, Annotation and Rear-Note)
Notes annotating the text and corresponding to reference numbers in the text are called footnotes when they are printed at the foot of the page, and notes or endnotes when they are at the back of a book, at the end of a chapter or at the end of an article in a journal. They may be numbered throughout each chapter or article. Annotations are similar to footnotes, but normally appear in the margin.
A note, endnote, annotation or rear-note consists of two parts: the reference number or symbol in the text called the note or annotation reference (<noteref> or <annoref>, respectively) and the note or annotation itself (<note> or <annotation>) which contains the content.
To accurately reflect the print edition, the <noteref> tag should be placed at the exact point in the text where the reference number or symbol occurs. Wrap the note reference number or symbol with the <noteref> tags as shown below. The attribute “idref” must link the reference to the “id” of the note itself. The text of the note should be left where it occurs in the original text file, whether at the bottom of the page for footnotes or the end of the chapter or book for endnotes.
<noteref class="footnote" idref="fn1">1</noteref>
<note class="footnote" id="fn1">...</note>
<noteref class="endnote" idref="en4">4</noteref>
<note class="endnote" id="en4">...</note>
<p>Morley's favorite vacation spot was the Bay of
Islands<noteref idref="fn12" class="footnote">12</noteref>
on New Zealand's North Island.</p>
<note id="fn12" class="footnote">
<p>12. Morley once described the area as "paradise in twenty
shades of blue".</p>
Notice that <p> tags (or others such as for citations, lists, or tables) must be used within the <note> tags to mark the content of the note. Untagged text cannot be contained within <note> tags.
The footnote reference appears as follows in the print book:
“Of the salvation she engendered she will be recipient, in heaven, where we “repent not, but smile; not at the sin, which cometh not again to mind, but at the Worth that ordered and provided.”
This footnote reference appears as follows when marked up:
<p>Of the salvation she engendered she will be recipient, in heaven,where we "repent not, but smile; not at the sin, which cometh not again to mind, but at the Worth that ordered and provided." <noteref idref ="p21-fn1"class="footnote">1</noteref>
The footnote itself appears in the print book as follows:
1. Dante. Paradiso, translated by Philip H. Wickstead (New York: Modern Library/Random House, 1932), Canto 9:103-105, p.458.
Marked up, the footnote appears as follows:
<note id="p21-fn1" class="footnote">
<cite>1. <author>Dante</author>. <title>Paradiso</title>, translated by Philip H. Wickstead (New York: Modern Library/Random House 1932), Canto 9:103-105, p.458.</cite>
Text containing an annotation reference appears as follows in the print book:
The speed of a sailing vessel was measured in knots.
The annotation reference would be marked up as follows:
<p>The speed of a sailing vessel was measured in
The annotation itself would usually be printed in the margin of the print book. It would appear as follows when marked up:
<p>The term "knot" is derived from the practice of counting the number of knots on a line unreeled in a set period of time from a device known as a chip log.</p>